The use of biology as an art medium is not a recent phenomenon. It is likely that ever since early humans have started domestication, animals and plants have been selected, and consequently modified, based on aesthetic values. Modern biology made possible the modification of life in an extremely controlled way, but also offered access to many other techniques: from protein structure analysis
to direct visualization of neurons in the living brain.
Biotechnology was born to explore these new tools for the benefit of humankind.
It is becoming possible to develop new therapies for incurable diseases,
but at the same time the public fears misuse of this powerful technology.
As society becomes aware of biotechnology, with all its hopes and fears, artists have started to include references to biotechnology in their works. Furthermore, modern biology and biotechnology offer the opportunity to create art using biology as a new medium. We are witnessing the birth of a new form of art: art created in test-tubes, using laboratories as art studios.